Making up around 19% of the city, forest is defined by particular vegetation types and includes wet forests and dry forests, and their associated communities. Wet sclerophyll forests are located on the eastern slopes of the Watagan Mountains and often surround areas of rainforest. Dry sclerophyll forests are located on drier sites, often with poor quality soils, and may be more commonly located on a north or west-facing slope. The flagship species associated with Forest is the Powerful Owl.
Woodland is also defined by vegetation type and makes up approximately 22% of the city. This ecosystem, and the animal communities that live there, typically occurs in the drier and/or less fertile areas of the City and is characterised by shorter, broader trees. The flagship species associated with woodland is the Grey Kangaroo.